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Ciliophora information

Ciliophora is the eukaryotic classified parasitic micro organism which comes in the higher classification Eukaryota, Alveolata and some of the species we can see are Spirostomum minus, Zoothamnium pararuscula, Paramecium tetraurelia.

We can see a number of ciliophorous organisms which include Didinium, Paraecium, Stentor, Suctoria and Vorticella. Genetic code of these organisms is unique and in some species UGA, UAG and UAA codonshave different functons than stopping codons. UAA and UAG code for glutamine and UGA translates to cysteine or tryptophan. This type of work deviation of the genetic codes of these organisms shows the ciliate genetic code has deviated from the universal genetic code.

Ciliophora the name derived by its classification is based on its organs that helps in moving from one place to another. These locomotive organs of these organisms are called cilia which are short hair like structures of protoplasm which is composed of microtubule pairs. They are surrounded by cell membrane and they can be found lined on the cell membrane. Cilia many times are also used for capturing food and in some they are formed into sheets which is helpful to them while capturing food.

Multi-nucleated-ciliataCiliophora are multi nucleate organisms and macronuclei contains many endocytobionts. Macronucleus is the controller of the cell functions and also in asexual reproduction. Micronucleus is involved in sexual
reproduction of the organism. Ciliophora are the organisms which sometimes feed on bacteria and sometimes on algae, other ciliophora or detritus so they are termed as heterotrophic organisms.

Reproduction of these organisms are seen in both the sexual and asexual ways.
In asexual method they divide by fission. This is the most common method of reproduction in these organisms.

Sexual reproduction in Paramecium Caudatum
Sexual reproduction involves the genetic exchange and they get divided after conjugation. Four identical organisms are produced as a result of this reproduction.

Ciliophora can be mainly found in fresh water and often found related with bacteria. Some of the bacteria harm these but some are helpful which help in increase the resistance to different environments for the bacteria. And vice versa. Some of the ciliophorans are also found as parasites in some animals and in human beings also. Some ciliophora make symbiotic relations with algae which make them look in green shade. Some of the Ciliophora can also be found as pathogens. For example Anophryoides haemophila which causes Bumber Car Disease in lobsters. This can be seen in a large scale of deaths of commercial lobsters. This is a disease without treatment.
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