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Ciliophora is the eukaryotic classified parasitic micro organism which
comes in the higher classification Eukaryota, Alveolata and some of the
species we can see are Spirostomum minus, Zoothamnium pararuscula,
We can see a number of ciliophorous
organisms which include Didinium, Paraecium, Stentor, Suctoria and
Vorticella. Genetic code of these organisms is unique and in some
species UGA, UAG and UAA codonshave different functons than stopping
codons. UAA and UAG code for glutamine and UGA translates to cysteine or
tryptophan. This type of work deviation of the genetic codes of these
organisms shows the ciliate genetic code has deviated from the universal
Ciliophora the name derived by its classification
is based on its organs that helps in moving from one place to another.
These locomotive organs of these organisms are called cilia which are
short hair like structures of protoplasm which is composed of
microtubule pairs. They are surrounded by cell membrane and they can be
found lined on the cell membrane. Cilia many times are also used for
capturing food and in some they are formed into sheets which is helpful
to them while capturing food.
Ciliophora are multi nucleate
organisms and macronuclei contains many endocytobionts. Macronucleus is
the controller of the cell functions and also in asexual reproduction.
Micronucleus is involved in sexual
reproduction of the organism.
Ciliophora are the organisms which sometimes feed on bacteria and
sometimes on algae, other ciliophora or detritus so they are termed as
Reproduction of these organisms are
seen in both the sexual and asexual ways.
In asexual method they divide
by fission. This is the most common method of reproduction in these
Sexual reproduction involves the genetic exchange and they
get divided after conjugation. Four identical organisms are produced as a
result of this reproduction.
Ciliophora can be mainly found in
fresh water and often found related with bacteria. Some of the bacteria
harm these but some are helpful which help in increase the resistance to
different environments for the bacteria. And vice versa. Some of the
ciliophorans are also found as parasites in some animals and in human
beings also. Some ciliophora make symbiotic relations with algae which
make them look in green shade. Some of the Ciliophora can also be found
as pathogens. For example Anophryoides haemophila which causes Bumber
Car Disease in lobsters. This can be seen in a large scale of deaths of
commercial lobsters. This is a disease without treatment.